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Panel Meters - Counters - Timers - Transmitters, 4-20 mA & Modbus - Ethernet - USB - RS485 - RS232

4-20 mA & Serial Data Output Transmitter for Resistance in Ohms

Exceptional accuracy at high update rates. DIN Rail mounted, digitally programmable.

Transmitter for Resistance in Ohms


  • 4-20 mA, 0-20 mA, 0-10V or -10V to +10V transmitter output, 16 bits, isolated
  • RS232 or RS485 serial data output, Modbus or Laurel ASCII protocol, isolated
  • Dual 120 mA solid state relays for alarm or control, isolated
  • Five jumper-selectable resistance ranges of 20.000 ohm to 200.00 kohm
  • Three fixed factory-special resistance ranges of 2.0000 ohm, 2.0000 Mohm, 20.000 Mohm
  • 0.1 milliohm resolution on 2 ohm scale for contact resistance measurements
  • Custom curve linearization for changing resistance transducers
  • 2, 3 or 4-wire connection with lead resistance compensation
  • Analog output resolution 0.0015% of span (16 bits), accuracy ±0.02% of span
  • DIN rail mount housing only 22.5 mm wide, detachable screw-clamp connectors
  • Universal 85-264 Vac / 90-300 Vdc or 10-48 Vdc / 12-32 Vac power
  • -X extended temperature option from -40°C to 70°C

The Laureate Resistance Transmitter is ideal for high-speed, high-accuracy resistance measurements in a production environment, such as contact resistance measurements. It is factory calibrated for five jumper selectable resistance ranges from 20.000 ohm to 200.00 kohm. Factory-special, fixed ranges of 2.0000 ohm, 2.0000 Mohm and 20.000 Mohm are also available. Accuracy is an exceptional ±0.01% of reading ± 2 counts. Resolution is one part in 20,000. In the 2 ohm range, resolution is 0.1 milliohm for contact resistance measurements.

Transmitter connections can be via 2, 3 or 4 wires. With 4-wire hookup, 2 wires are used for excitation and two separate wires are used to sense the voltage across the resistance to be measured, thereby eliminating any lead resistance effects. With 3-wire hookup, the transmitter senses the combined voltage drop across the RTD plus two excitation leads. It also senses the voltage drop across one excitation lead, and then subtracts twice this voltage from the combined total. This technique effectively subtracts the lead resistance if the excitation leads are the same.

All resistance ranges are digitally calibrated at the factory, with calibration factors stored in EEPROM on the signal conditioner board. This allows ranges and signal conditioner boards to be changed in the field without recalibrating the transmitter. If desired, the transmitter can easily be calibrated using external standards plus scale and offset in software.

RTD signal conditioner board

High read rates at up to 60 or 50 conversions per second while integrating the signal over a full power cycle are ideal for high-throughput manufacturing processes. Peak and valley values are automatically captured and may be displayed via a front panel pushbutton command or a control signal at the rear connector, or be transmitted as serial data.

Custom curve linearization, available with the Extended version, makes this transmitter suitable for use with transducers whose output is a non-linear changing resistance. Linearization is provided by curvilinear spline fits, and the reading can be scaled in software for user-selected engineering units of measure.

Standard features of Laureate LT transmitters include:

  • 4-20 mA, 0-10V or -10V to +10V analog transmitter output, isolated, jumper-selectable and user scalable. All selections provide 16-bit (0.0015%) resolution of output span and 0.02% output accuracy of a reading from -99,999 to +99,999 counts that is also transmitted digitally. Output isolation from signal and power grounds eliminates potential ground loop problems.
  • Serial communications output, RS232 or RS485 (half or full duplex), jumper selectable. Three protocols are user selectable: Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII, or Laurel ASCII. Modbus operation is fully compliant with Modbus Over Serial Line Specification V1.0 (2002). The Laurel ASCII protocol is simpler than the Modbus protocol and is recommended when all devices are Laureates.
  • Dual solid state relays, isolated, for alarm or control. Rated 120 mA at 140 Vac or 180 Vdc.
  • Universal 85-264 Vac power. Low-voltage 10-48 Vdc or 12-32 Vac power is optional.

Easy Transmitter programming is via Laurel's Instrument Setup Software, which runs on a PC under MS Windows. This software can be downloaded from this website at no charge. The required transmitter-to-PC interface cable is available from Laurel (P/N CBL04).

Range Ohms Resolution Accuracy Excitation Current ***
R0** 0-2.0000 Ω 0.1 mΩ ±0.01% of reading
± 2 counts
5 mA
R1* 0-20.000 Ω 1 mΩ 5 mA
R2* 0-200.00 Ω 10 mΩ 500 µA
R3* 0-2000.0 Ω 100 mΩ 50 µA
R4* 0-20000 Ω 1 Ω 5 µA
R5* 0-200.00 kΩ 10 Ω 500 nA
R6** 0-2.0000 MΩ 100 Ω 500 nA
R7** 0-20.0000 MΩ 1000 Ω 80 nA
* Jumper-selectable, precalibrated range.
** Factory-set fixed range.
*** The applied excitation current is sensed by the meter, which operates in a ratiometric mode and automatically compensates for any changes in excitation.
Signal Input
Input Resolution 16 bits (65,536 steps)
Input Accuracy ±0.01% of reading ± 2 counts
Update Rate, Max 50/sec at 50 Hz, 60/sec at 60 Hz
Analog Output (standard)
Output Levels 4-20 mA, 0-20 mA, 0-10 Vdc, -10 to +10Vdc (user selectable)
Compliance, 4-20 mA 10V (0-500Ω load)
Compliance, 0-10V 2 mA (5 kΩ load or higher)
Output Resolution 16 bits (65,536 steps)
Output Accuracy 0.02% of output span plus conversion accuracy
Output Isolation 250V rms working, 2.3 kV rms per 1 minute test
Serial Data Output (standard)
Signal Types RS232 or RS485 (half or full duplex), jumper selectable
Data Rates 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 baud
Output Isolation 250V rms working, 2.3 kV rms per 1 min test
Serial Protocols Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII, Custom ASCII
Modbus Compliance Modbus over Serial Line Specification V1.0 (2002)
RS232/485 Connector  Screw terminals for easy daisy chaining 
Digital Addresses 247 for Modbus, 31 for Custom ASCII
Dual Relay Output (standard)
Relay Type Two solid state relays, SPST, normally open, Form A
Load Rating 120 mA at 140 Vac or 180 Vdc
Power Input
Standard Power 85-264 Vac or 90-300 Vdc
Low Power Option 10-48 Vdc or 12-32 Vac
Power Frequency DC or 47-63 Hz
Power Isolation 250V rms working, 2.3 kV rms per 1 min test
Power Consumption at 24V 1.5W typical
Dimensions 129 x 104 x 22.5 mm case
Mounting 35 mm rail per DIN EN 50022
Electrical Connections Plug-in screw-clamp connectors
Operating Temperature 0°C to 55°C standard, -40°C to 70°C with -X option
Storage Temperature -40°C to 85°C
Relative Humidity 95% at 40°C, non-condensing
Cooling Required Mount transmitters with ventilation holes at top and bottom. Leave 6 mm (1/4") between transmitters, or force air with a fan.
Laureate LT transmitter pinout

Resistance Measurement with Excitation & Lead Compensation

Ohm transmitter hookup can be via 2, 3 or 4 wires to the J5 connector. The transmitter applies a fixed excitation current for each resistance range.
4-wire connection to resistance signal condidioner In 4-wire hookup, different pairs of leads are used to apply the excitation current and sense the voltage drop across the unknown resistance, so that the IR drop across the excitation leads is not a factor.
3-wire connection to resistance signal condidioner
In 3-wire hookup, the transmitter senses the combined voltage drop across the unknown resistance plus two excitation leads. It also senses the voltage drop across one excitation lead, and then subtracts twice this voltage from the combined total. This technique effectively subtracts all lead resistance and compensates for ambient temperature changes if the two excitation leads are identical.
2-wire connection to resistance signal condidioner In 2-wire hookup, the transmitter senses the combined voltage drop across the unknown resistance and both lead wires. The voltage drop across the lead wires can be measured by shorting out the resistance during transmitter setup, and this voltage is then automatically subtracted from the combined total. However, changing resistance of the lead wires due to ambient temperature changes will not be compensated.

QA Application with Relays in Passband Mode

Deviation mode relay operation for QA testing of resistance A deviation limit (50 mΩ in this example) is set up around both sides of a setpoint. The relay closes (or opens) when the reading falls within the deviation band, and opens (or closes) when the reading falls outside of this band. This mode sets up a passband around the setpoint and can be used for contact resistance testing in a production environment.
For applications assistance, phone 714-434-6131 ext. 104, or email
Ordering Guide
Laureate Resistance Transmitter
Click on the radio buttons to build a model number with pricing as shown below. Prices are in US dollars and do not include shipping or duty charges (export sales). Please see our explanations and limitations applicable to pricing and online orders. Prices shown are in US Dollars and are Laurel's manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) in the USA. Orders are processed manually, not directly by our shopping cart system. You don't have to supply credit card information when placing an online order.

North American Orders. Laurel does not sell factory-direct in the USA or Canada. Online sales orders are filled through distribution. During the ordering process, you will have the chance to select an authorized Laurel distributor, or you can ask Laurel to refer you to a distributor. The distributor will then contact you to quote shipping, tax and duty (where applicable), and arrange for payment.

International Orders. If your ship-to address indicates that you are outside of the USA or Canada and Laurel has a distributor in your country, we will forward your order to that distributor for follow-up. If Laurel does not have a distributor in your country, we will email you an order acknowledgment and a pro forma invoice which states the product price, shipping charges, and wire transfer information, which includes a $25 bank wire transfer fee.

Questions about your order? Please email your distributor or
Transmitter Type LT  4-20 mA & RS232/RS485 output transmitter $164
LTE  4-20 mA & Ethernet output transmitter $388
Main Board 2  Standard analog input. $0
4  Extended analog input. $33
Note:Extended allows custom curve linearization and rate from successive readings. Not applicable to temperature.  
Power 0  Isolated 85-264 Vac or 90-300 Vdc $89
1  Isolated 12-32 Vac or 10-48 Vdc $89
R0  0-2.0000 ohms (special fixed range) $115
R1  0-20.000 ohms* $81
R2  0-200.00 ohms* $81
R3  0-2.0000 kohms* $81
R4  0-20.000 kohms* $81
R5  0-200.00 kohms* $81
R6  0-2.0000 Mohms (special fixed range) $115
R7  0-20.000 Mohm (special fixed range) $115
Note:  Ranges with an * are jumper selectable and factory calibrated. The same signal conditioner board can be used for resistance and RTD temperature measurement.  
Add-on Options -X  Extended operating temperature option from -40°C to 70°C $33
CBL04  RS232 cable, 7ft. Connects RS232 screw terminals of LT transmitter to DB9 port of PC. $23
CBL02  USB-to-DB9 adapter cable. Includes FTDI chip for compatibility with all versions of Windows. Combination of CBL02 and CBL04 connects PC USB port to LT RS232 port. $47
Configured model number LT20R1
Configured price per model $334
Quantity 1
Extended price $334
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